Ujung Kulon National Park is located at the western-most tip of Java, Indonesia. It includes the volcanic island group of Krakatau and other islands including Panaitan, Handeuleum and Peucang.
The park encompasses an area of 1,206 km² (443 km² marine), most of which lies on a peninsula reaching into the Indian Ocean. The explosion of nearby Krakatau in 1883 produced a tsunami (giant wave) that eliminated the villages and crops of the coastal areas on the western peninsula, and covered the entire area in a layer of ash about 30 cm thick. This caused the total evacuation of the peninsula by humans, thereby allowing it to become a repository for much of Java’s flora and fauna, and most of the remaining lowland forest on the island.
It is Indonesia's first proposed national park and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991 for containing the largest remaining lowland rainforest in Java. It is also one of only two homes of the critically endangered Javan Rhinoceros. A population of fifty to sixty live in Ujung Kulon, a smaller population of possibly 10 or less, live in Cat Tien National Park Vietnam. The park protects 57 rare species of plant. The 35 species of mammal include Banteng, Silvery Gibbon, Javan Lutung, Crab-eating Macaque, Leopard, Java Mouse-deer and Rusa Deer. There are also 72 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 240 species of birds.
The main area of the Ujung Kulon National Park was formerly farmland . Permits for visiting the Ujung Kulon National Park are available at the town of Labuan . Another office is situated at Tamanjaya. Ujung Kulon National Park is one of the very few areas which offer a profile of sea shore to mountain top tropical vegetation. Besides, the Ujung Kulon National Park is home to 700 species of plant life.
Transport facilities for reaching Ujung Kulon National Park. One can avail of the boat services to reach the Ujung Kulon National Park. One can also reach Ujung Kulon National Park by road via Panimbang to Sumur and Taman Jaya.
So when on a trip to Indonesia do visit Ujung Kulon National Park and have a memorable experience.